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What is 3D Benchy and how can Benchy troubleshoot your 3D printer?

2024.05.30  185 clicks

Written by Abigail    May 30, 2024


What is 3D Benchy in 3D printing?


3D Benchy is a specially designed 3D model that serves as a calibration and benchmarking tool for 3D printers. Known affectionately as the “jolly 3D printing torture test,” this little tugboat isn’t just a playful trinket—it’s a comprehensive test of a printer’s capabilities.


The design of 3D Benchy incorporates a variety of challenging geometries and features that test the limits of a 3D printer. From overhangs to fine details, the Benchy pushes a printer to its performance edge. It’s a small, recognizable object that you can download for free, make, and share.


But why a boat? The answer lies in its complexity. The Benchy’s design includes cylindrical towers, angular geometries, overhanging parts, and fine text details—all of which are crucial elements in larger prints. These elements, when printed successfully, indicate that a printer is capable of handling complex geometries, overhangs, and fine details, which are often the most challenging aspects of 3D printing. By using the Benchy, users can assess the performance of their printer on these elements in a single, quick print.


Moreover, the 3D Benchy is also a teaching tool. It helps users understand the intricacies of their 3D printers and the impact of different settings. By analyzing a printed Benchy, users can identify issues with temperature control, filament feed, speed, and more.


Overall, 3D Benchy is the go-to standard for diagnosing and calibrating 3D printers, ensuring that they are finely tuned for optimal performance.


3D Printed Benchy Boat


Image Source: vandragon_de on Thingiverse


How is 3D Benchy troubleshooting 3D printer?


3D Benchy plays a crucial role in troubleshooting and fine-tuning 3D printers. It’s designed to test and highlight various aspects of a printer’s performance, allowing users to identify and resolve issues.


3D Benchy is a comprehensive diagnostic tool that tests a wide range of printing capabilities:


Hull (Surface Deviations)


The hull’s smooth, curved surface will show any problems with surface deviations. If the hull isn’t smooth or has blemishes, it could indicate issues with the print bed level or the extrusion temperature.


Vertical Symmetry (Skewness and Warping)


Since Benchy is symmetrical, any deviations in this symmetry can reveal problems with the printer’s frame alignment or environmental factors causing warping.


Chimney Top, Main Deck, and Rear Box (Parallelism)


These should be parallel to the bottom surface. If they’re not, it could suggest issues with the printer’s Z-axis movement or inconsistencies in layer deposition.


Nameplate (Resolution)


The “#3DBenchy” text on the stern tests the printer’s resolution. Poorly printed text might indicate a need for finer nozzle diameter or adjustments in the printer’s slicing settings.


Cabin Roof Bridge (Overhang)


The cabin’s roof tests the printer’s ability to handle overhangs without drooping. If the roof is sagging or not well-formed, cooling settings may need to be adjusted.


Acute Angled Surfaces (Layer Shifting)


The acute angles on the roof and gunwale test the printer’s layer-shifting capabilities. Any misalignment here could point to issues with the printer’s stepper motors or belts.


Shallow Bottom Characters (First Layer Issues)


The text “CT3D.xyz” on the bottom tests the first layer’s quality. If the text isn’t clear or the first layer shows signs of peeling, bed adhesion methods or the initial layer settings might need tweaking.


Overall Geometry and Feature Accuracy


By examining the entire Benchy model, you can assess the dimensional accuracy and alignment of all features. Discrepancies might require calibrations of the printer’s steps per mm in the firmware settings.


Users can make informed adjustments to their printer settings by analyzing a printed Benchy. For example, reducing layer height can improve surface smoothness, while calibrating temperatures can enhance material flow and adhesion. Adjusting print speed, retraction settings, and flow rate can also lead to significant improvements in print quality. Therefore, 3D Benchy is like a comprehensive health check-up for your 3D printer. By carefully examining a printed Benchy, you can pinpoint specific issues and make the necessary adjustments to improve the overall print quality. It’s a practical approach to ensure your printer is operating at its best.


3D Benchy STL Files


1. Maker: CreativeTools on Thingiverse


Download STL Files


It’s a small, recognizable object that you can download for free, make, and share. The model is designed to print quickly and offers a comprehensive way to calibrate your 3D printer.


3D Benchy STL Files_1


Image Source: CreativeTools on Thingiverse


2. Maker: vandragon_de on Thingiverse


Download STL Files


Like its counterparts, this model is intended to test the limits of your 3D printer, challenging it with various features and geometries. There are various accessories available for this model, which can be used to enhance the display or functionality of the printed Benchy.


3D Benchy STL Files_2


Image Source: vandragon_de on Thingiverse


3. Maker: vandragon_de on Thingiverse


Download STL Files


This 3D model is a variant of the classic 3D Benchy model, which is a testament to the creativity and collaborative spirit of the 3D printing community. It provides a standard by which you can compare your printer’s performance and learn from the collective knowledge of others.


3D Benchy STL Files_3


Image Source: vandragon_de on Thingiverse


4. Maker: spooner2011 on Thingiverse


Download STL Files


This particular model is part of the vast array of 3D Benchy files available for 3D printing enthusiasts and professionals to use as a benchmarking tool for their printers. The model includes elements that test precision, overhangs, stringing, and more, providing a thorough assessment of a printer’s performance.


3D Benchy STL Files_4


Image Source: spooner2011 on Thingiverse


5. Maker: Thullen on Thingiverse


Download STL Files


It’s a variant of the classic 3D Benchy model. You can use it for display or testing printer calibration and also actually use it as a functional boat. This 3D Benchy is designed to be printed in parts and assembled to include radio-controlled components, allowing it to navigate waters like a real boat.


3D Benchy STL Files_5


Image Source: Thullen on Thingiverse


6. Maker: DecoTOAST on Thingiverse


Download STL Files


This 3D Benchy version adds a playful twist to the original design by incorporating turrets, transforming the model into a miniature battleship. It’s also designed to function as a keychain, adding a practical aspect to its use.


3D Benchy STL Files_6


Image Source: DecoTOAST on Thingiverse


7. Maker: Mandalorian on Thangs


Download STL Files


This 3D model is part of a diverse and imaginative world of 3D Benchy variants that can be used by hobbyists and professionals to test, benchmark, and enjoy 3D printing.


3D Benchy STL Files_7


Image Source: Mandalorian on Thangs


8. Maker: Prusa Research on Printables


Download STL Files


It’s designed to test a wide range of your printer’s capabilities, including but not limited to dimensional accuracy, resolution, and alignment. The Benchy can help you calibrate your printer settings for optimal performance, ensuring better prints across all your projects.


3D Benchy STL Files_8


Image Source: Prusa Research on Printables


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